Team (Japanese: チーム chīmu, Chinese: 队 duì, Indonesian: Tim , Thai: ทีม thīm) are used to separate members of ALL48 Groups. By using 'Teams', members can be categorized more easily. Also, instead of the entire group performing a theater show, only one team is assigned to perform. This allows fans to focus on a certain group of members and allow the other members to have days off.
Teams are named after the letters used in their group's name, except for AKB48 Team 4, Team 8, and SNH48 Team X. In the case when a Team's name has already been used, roman numerals are added to signify which number of letter that team is. For example, both AKB48 and SKE48 have the letter "K" in their names, so instead of forming a Team K in both AKB48 and SKE48, the AKB48 team is called Team K and the SKE48 team is called Team KII (pronounced "K-two"). In some cases there are also teams with double letters, for the example Team SH and Team TP.
The Teams of SNH48's sister groups no longer adhere to this order, following their removal as an official AKB48 sister group in 2016. Instead they now follow the order of SNH48's teams. For example, SNH48 created Team NII in November 2013, when they were still affiliated with AKB48. Later, GNZ48 created Team NIII, the following number after Team NII, even though NGT48 had already created a Japan-based Team NIII. In similar fashion, the AKB48 group's no longer include the SNH48 groups' numbering when naming teams. Despite this, both franchises are careful not to repeat the colors of their groups and teams.
Since 2012, the Japanese AKB48 Group names its teams using the last name of the team captain. For example, Takahashi Team A (高橋チームA) denotes the iteration of Team A when Takahashi Minami was captain. In her case she has had two periods of captaincy, first from July 27, 2010 to October 29, 2012, and second from April 25, 2014 to August 23, 2015. Both of these teams were called Takahashi Team A.
Each Team has its own captain, who may or may not be the Center of the Team. Traditionally, teams had 16 members, but ever since the Tokyo Dome Team Shuffle, there is no limit to the number of members that can be on a team. Also, each team has its own representative color. In most cases, the first team of a group uses its group color as the team color, for an example, JKT48 Team J uses red to match the JKT48 logo.
A team does its own activities, such as has recording Single/Album/Setlist studio recordings for their team, holding events or concerts for their team, performing theater shows as a team, etc. Some special "teams" have been created for theater shows in particular, such as Himawarigumi (AKB48, HKT48, and JKT48) and Cattleyagumi (NMB48). These teams select members from the group's existing teams to perform a joint theater show.
There have also been temporary "teams" created within the ALL48 groups, such as Team PB or Team YJ. These teams are only temporary and used for marketing purposes, and the members within them remain part of their original teams. Other temporary teams, such as Team Undecided and Team Unknown, are used when a member is transferred or promoted but there is either no team spot available, or they haven't been assigned to a team yet. Kenkyuusei or Trainees (understudies for promoted members) are sometimes referred to as Team Kenkyuusei, but this is not official.
Every so often, a Team Shuffle occurs. In this event, members are transferred to other teams or groups.
A list of the current captains of the teams can be found here.
Active Member Separation
|Group||Team, Unit or Class||Activity Period||Notes|
|AKB48||Team A||2005.12.08 -|
|Team K||2006.04.01 -|
|Team B||2007.04.08 -|
|Team 4|| 2011.06.06 - 2012.10.31
|Disbanded on October, 2012 and reformed on August, 2013|
|Team 8||2014.04.03 -|
|SKE48||Team S||2008.10.05 -|
|Team KII||2009.05.25 -|
|Team E||2010.12.06 -|
|NMB48||Team N||2011.03.10 - 2021.01.20
|Disbanded on January, 2021 due to NAMBATTLE ~Tatakawana NMB Chauyarou!~ project and reformed on January, 2022|
|Team M||2012.01.26 - 2021.01.22|
|Team BII||2012.10.10 - 2021.01.21|
|HKT48||Team H||2012.03.04 -|
|Team KIV||2014.04.23 -|
|Team TII||2016.03.30 -|
|BNK48||Team BIII||2017.12.24 -|
|Team NV||2019.11.16 -|
|MNL48||Team MII||2018.05.02 -|
|Team NIV||2018.05.02 -|
|Team L||2018.05.02 -|
|AKB48 Team TP||Unit T||2022.07.01 -|| AKB48 Team TP implemented a unit system instead teams|
Their unit color will be announced
|Unit P||2022.07.01 -|
|CGM48||Team C||2020.02.09 -|
|SNH48||Team SII||2013.11.11 -|
|Team NII||2013.11.11 -|
|Team HII||2014.09.05 -|
|Team X||2015.04.17 -||Name comes from word Xīnrén (新人), meaning new talent or newcomer|
|GNZ48||Team G||2016.04.20 -|
|Team NIII||2016.04.20 -|
|Team Z||2016.10.23 -|
|Class 4||2020.06.13 -||GNZ48 formed the new Class 4 and Class 8 special teams while retaining the 3 existing teams|
|Class 8||2020.06.13 -|
- Groups without teams: NGT48, STU48, JKT48, AKB48 Team SH, BEJ48 and CKG48.
- Note that NGT48, JKT48, BEJ48 and CKG48 originally used teams, but they have been disbanded.
Inactive or Disbanded
|NGT48||Team NIII||2016.01.10 - 2019.04.21||Disbanded due to Inappropriate attitudes|
|Team G||2018.07.01 - 2019.04.21|
|JKT48||Team J||2012.12.23 - 2021.03.14||Disbanded due to impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic|
|Team KIII||2013.06.25 - 2021.03.13|
|Team T||2015.01.26 - 2019.12.31|
2020.08.22 - 2021.03.12
|AKB48 Team TP||Daisy||2020.03.07 - 2022.06.30||Disbanded at AKB48 Team TP Unit Shuffle|
|Bellflower||2020.03.07 - 2022.06.30|
|Sakura||2020.03.07 - 2022.06.30|
|SNH48||Team XII||2015.12.04 - 2018.02.03||Disbanded at SNH48 Team Shuffle|
|Team FT||2018.02.03 - 2019.01.19||Disbanded at SNH48 Group Grand Shuffle 2019|
|BEJ48||Team B||2016.04.20 - 2020.09.04||Disbanded due to impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic|
|Team E||2016.04.20 - 2020.09.04|
|Team J||2016.10.01 - 2020.09.04|
|SHY48||Team SIII||2017.01.12 - 2019.01.19||Disbanded at SNH48 Group Grand Shuffle 2019|
|Team HIII||2017.02.19 - 2019.01.19|
|CKG48||Team C||2017.10.27 - 2019.01.19|
|Team K||2017.10.27 - 2019.01.19|
Kenkyuusei or Trainee
Kenkyuusei (研究生) it's also known as Trainee. When girls enter the group, they work as a kenkyuusei until they are promoted as official member or promoted to a team. Kenkyuusei receive many of the same perks as promoted members do, but their appearances are usually limited. They usually only perform during the kenkyuusei-only theater shows and as understudies for promoted members when need be.